The American Refugee Committee (ARC) ( www.arcrelief.org ) is joining staff and resources with Sisters Rising Worldwide to help Sisters in the Western Hemisphere work against human trafficking. ARC wants to work with Sisters because they believe Sisters know root causes to the poverty and exploitation that leads to trafficking. In fact, Sisters from 8 different Congregations in El Salvador proved that to be true just 6 weeks ago.
Following the exquisite leadership from Sister Gabriella Bottani, CMS, Director of Talitha Kum, Rome, Italy, ARC and Sisters Rising Worldwide (SRW) agreed to work through the global network of Talitha Kum, beginning in the country of El Salvador. In April, two ARC employees and Irene O’Neill, CSJ, went to San Salvador to meet Sisters on the ground and visit their anti-trafficking work. The ARC employees were deeply impressed with the Sisters’ work and particularly, with the Sisters themselves. Two weeks later, three ARC people joined the Sisters’ Central American Talitha Kum anti-trafficking conference in Costa Rica. They returned home with such impressive stories that ARC decided to assign more people and resources to this partnership.
The overall plan with ARC and SRW in this Western Hemisphere focus includes:
Each country in the Western Hemisphere will present unique problems and solutions. ARC, SRW and Talitha Kum members will learn from each other successful processes and procedures as we move from country to country focused on reducing root causes of human trafficking.
In Cleveland, OH, October, 2018, the US Catholic Sisters Against Human Trafficking (USCSAHT) is hosting a Western Hemispheric Conference for Talitha Kum anti-trafficking members. Within a very full agenda, ARC, SRW, and the Sisters from El Salvador look forward to presenting results of their work.
In addition to the work in El Salvador, Sisters Rising Worldwide is building relationships with board members of the United States Catholic Sisters Against Human Trafficking (USCSAHT). The plan is to find resources for this network in the United States to counter human trafficking. Work will first begin at USCSAHT board member sites. Stay tuned.
USCSAHT is a collaborative, faith-based 501c3 not-for- profit organization. Membership is open to all Women Religious (Sisters), coalitions that work against human trafficking in which Sisters and their lay associate members participate and those with whom the Sisters have partnerships in working against human trafficking.
Human trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for involuntary labor or services. It is done through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of exploitation.
Human trafficking is a $150 billion criminal industry that affects 20 to 30 million people in the world today. It occurs everywhere – including in the U.S., and affects people of every age, gender, ethnicity, and class.
Prohibited by state, federal, and international law, human trafficking is the fastest-growing criminal activity in the world, with the internet providing a global marketplace. It targets vulnerable people affected by war, poverty, natural disasters and oppression.
Most trafficked people work in commercial sex trades or forced labor. They are also exploited through involuntary domestic servitude, bonded or debt labor, child soldiering, begging, commission of crimes, forced marriages, and organ removal.
Trafficking victims live among us. They may be growing our food, making our clothes, serving in restaurants or nail salons, and building our electronic devices. Traffickers use deception, violence, threats, and other means to keep people in bondage against their will.
Some international organizations estimate that the number of victims of human trafficking may range as high as 45 million people.
USCSAHT’s national network of Catholic Sisters’ congregations, coalitions, anti-trafficking ministries, and partnerships which includes over 100 U.S. Sister Congregations, work together with a network of U.S. partnerships and individual supporters. They offer across the United States, education, support, access to survivor services, and engage in advocacy to eradicate modern-day slavery. Members work to inform the public, prevent this assault on human dignity, and assist survivors to live fulfilling lives.
In addition to being a wide national network, USCSAHT is also the U.S. representative to Talitha Kum, the Sisters’ International Network Against Trafficking in Persons, located in Rome and serving in 81 different countries.
USCSAHT provides a wide array of resources to the general public, including:
HOW SUCCESS IS MEASURED
Success is measured by the number of people USCSAHT members across the United States educate, serve, and connect to one another in doing this work; by the legislative progress we make on the local, state and national levels to protect victims and prosecute traffickers; by the number of partnerships we are able to forge in doing this work; by raising the moral voice of Catholic sisters against this heinous crime, by the number of victims touched by the services (pastoral, educational, social, healthcare, etc.) offered by sisters throughout the country; by the number of survivors who pass through our shelters: in other words, by participation in the Gospel-driven response to what Pope Francis has called “an open wound on the body of contemporary society, a scourge upon the body of Christ; a crime against humanity.”
BOARD OF DIRECTORS 2015-Present
There is no official estimate of the total number of human trafficking victims in the U.S. However, the Polaris Project estimates the total number reaches into the hundreds of thousand, including both sex and labor trafficking victims.
Drop-out girl students may be the most vulnerable population for sex trafficking or child labor in this part of India. Basic education and supportive women associations can transform the lives of girls in this society. This project will provide resources to prevent child labor and human trafficking in rural areas through education and empowerment of young women.
Sisters have learned that Women’s Associations are the key to sustainability of educational/vocational gains achieved through the drop-out program and coaching centers. The formation and sustainability of Women’s Associations build capacity for greater participation of women in decision-making, awareness building of women’s negative situations including discrimination, lack of gender equality, and capacity building for skill development, especially the ability to plan, make decision, organize, manage and carry out income generating activities. The Women’s Association empower these women to counter their societal disenfranchisement and strengthen women’s economic security.
Societal and familial pressures to work are great. The support and guidance received at educational and training centers is needed for young, dropout girls to be successful. Five coaching centers for 50 girls and young women in each center will provide educational tutoring and a greater appreciation of their own potential and human rights. The young girls working together come to appreciate and rely on the power of group identity they gain at these centers.
This project anticipates providing services to 25 drop-out girls a year. At the end of a year of preparation 80% of participants will pass the 10th class metric exams and then either attend college or have developed the capacity to run a small business.
Poverty drives youth from their rural Indian village of Raidihi, to big cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and Goa. Nearly 1/3 of them, (about 200), earn subsistence wages in unskilled work leaving them poor and without hope of advancement. Girls are most vulnerable to sexual abuse while working as domestic servants. Some are tricked into sexual trafficking and vanish. Bereft families are left without a trace or the ability to search for them.
To pull out of poverty, two essential skills are needed: 1) proficiency in English and, 2) a working knowledge of the computer. Offering these skills to young girls enables them to seek and find positions in government or the private sector. All villages have open computer positions. When employed, youth choose stay in their Tribal Region and contribute to the raising up of the next generation.
Sisters run a successful program which for the past 10 years has prepared girls for employment as tailors. The program provides skill training in sewing, embroidery, knitting and hand works. It emphasizes small business skills and encourages the importance of saving. Less tangible, yet transformative skills, help the young women take positive steps in personal growth and teaches the importance of the empowerment of women. They learn about women’s equal rights to economic resources. The hall where the sisters conduct these 6 month programs can serve 10 to 15 students who receive certificates of completion. Two shifts run each day.
The Sisters want to expand the program beyond youth to include adult women and men. Men will learn a trade to support their families. Their program will also include lessons on equal rights of women and healthy family life to eliminate prevalent domestic violence.
Further plans included opening up additional facilities in 16 nearby villages. The aggregate population is 2,812 of which 655 are children and youth. However, the local priest who obtained the funds, passed away. Funding is essential to keeping the program alive.
Conducting educational programs in this war-torn area of the world is challenging due to the past violence, damage to buildings, pillaging of materials and furniture needed for education. Yet, throughout it all, the sisters have maintained their school and continued to provide services during horrible times. Since 1968, the Sisters of the Institute St Joseph have conducted a school for girls in the Democratic Republic of the Congo near to the borders of Burundi and Rwanda.
The school prepares young women to maximize their potential and prepare for careers. Now that the warring and pillaging has slowed down the time is ideal to bring these programs up to their maximum potential by providing them with needed resources. Security at the school includes reinforced doors and windows. In addition sentries with watchdogs guard the school, both by day and by night.
They need computers to be computer literate and sewing machines to learn tailoring skills. The computer and sewing equipment would need to be solar-powered. Purchasing the goods in the Democratic Republic of the Congo will boost the economy there. The sisters working in the program will make the purchases and ensure that they are maintained and secured.
This program can be replicated in other Democratic Republic of the Congo schools who have similar problems. The approximate cost per school for the needed computers, sewing machines and solar power equipment is $10,210.00.
The Sister plan to replicate this program in other Democratic Republic of the Congo schools who have similar problems.
The population of deaf people in Madhya Pradesh, India, is 267,000 of which 122,000 are female. Girls who are deaf in India suffer tremendous prejudice and become nearly non-existent to their families and society. This human degradation makes them vulnerable to human trafficking.
Although there does not appear to be official documentation of the vulnerability of these young women, a quick review of documented individual cases of abuse of young women and children who are deaf conveys a horrifying story of abuse and exploitation. This school offers its students the opportunity to learn valuable skills to support themselves and decrease the burden to their already impoverished families.
The Sisters working with these girls yearn for sustainable solutions. They want to work collaboratively with the families, teachers, school, state of the art hearing aids, and medical care to remediate the hearing loss to these children. They hope to explore this disabling disability in the developing world and uncover the primal causes of the children’s deafness and bring about preventative measures to significantly decrease and potentially eradicate the cause of deafness in this population going into the future. The Sisters plan to expand serving 85 girls to serving 135 girls. To do this they need building expansion and improvement.
The Sisters of St. Joseph of Buenos Aires, Argentina provide intervention for those at-risk or currently experiencing abuse, focusing specifically on women and children through five programs. These programs provide a menu of services to increase public awareness of the prevalence of abuse, prevent abuse, help current victims of abuse seek government services, and provide supportive services to victims of abuse. People learn of these services through radio, Facebook, through contact with advocates, social service workers and parish workers.
A January 2016 United Nations Human Rights Commission Report prepared by the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada indicates that violence against women is a “present and worrisome reality” in Argentina. Media sources report that violence against women, including domestic violence, has its roots in the Argentinean culture, more specifically in patriarchy or in machismo, which considers women as objects. Victims Against All Forms of Violence Program, a government program of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights that provides assistance to victims of domestic and sexual violence, similarly indicated that Argentina is a patriarchal society, where social organizations, the media, “and several institutions still reproduce a macho logic … that ignores violence [against women], blames the victim, and does not hold aggressors accountable.” The report goes on to tell of the under-reporting of this serious and prevalent social issue. The government does not have a federal registry that tracks domestic violence and therefore cannot begin to reliably quantify the serious prevalence of this problem. La Casa del Encuentro, an NGO based in Buenos Aires that advances the rights of women, indicates that based on information compiled from the media, 295 and 277 women died in 2013 and 2014, respectively, as a result of domestic or gender-based violence.
To begin to impact this issue, three sisters of St Joseph have been doing what they can with minimal resources. These sisters’ efforts are supported by professionals who currently volunteer their time. The program is under-resourced to be able to provide the most effective services and yet is considered successful by the community where there are so few awareness, prevention and advocacy services.
This work is done through five different programs:
An accompaniment by an advocate strengthens the woman’s resolve. In some cases the sisters had to intervene in the presence of these authorities so that the woman wouldn’t continue facing sexist, patriarchal and even sometimes mocking looks. With many of them, this support enabled them to realize their dream of a future with more dignity. For their true empowerment, the program offers group therapies. There they are succeeding in getting the women to listen to and be in solidarity with one another. They foster the positive and not the negative as they meet one another and get to know the other’s situation. 35 women are served per month.
These programs are especially open to being an experimental site for SRW tool kits which can be used to train community advocates to allow for replication of services throughout this major city.
Ravaged by 10 years of ethnic based and politically motivated civil war ending in December 1999, the people in the village of Yaka-Yaka in Congo Brazaville, are in utter distress to find its schools, health centers, buildings, and society itself destroyed. Currently over ¾ of the girls have no access to school or education. There is a high rate of young girls raising children without husbands. Women and children live in abject poverty, and young girls are given in marriage at an early age.
The Sisters there on the ground believe that the war destroyed so much of their knowledge of basic living, that educating girls in the basics of family life and civil life are equally important. The ultimate goal is to form families capable of re-building society and re-establishing its values.
A Social Center is needed to provide 20 to 30 young women and girls at a time with vocational skills and basic education while inculcating values of earning a living, encouraging healthy families and good parenting, and encouraging consciousness of human rights in the family and in society. Although the vocational skills are essential for the women, the war destroyed so much of their knowledge of basic living, that educating them in the basics of family life and civil life are equally important.
Violence against women, religious differences and those lowest in social-economic levels is embedded in Bangladesh society. It is counter-cultural, but essential, to educate girls and boys to value and respect one another and religious differences and form future leaders who will be open to acknowledging the contributions of both women and men in society.
In January of 2015, the Sisters of the Holy Cross were invited to open a school in the rural Bhadun, Gazipur District in Bangladesh. The Sisters’ school, Moreau Holy Cross, opened to children of garment workers, day laborers, and farmers; all of whom earn a subsistence living. Along with providing quality education for those in the lowest socio-economic level, this Sisters welcome students from various religions (Islam, Hindu, Christian, etc.) They intentionally create an atmosphere for girls and boys to value and respect one another. In addition, these Sisters will provide innovative seminars and counseling programs for parents to assist them at home in the understanding and implementation of these core principles of gender equality, non-violence against women, and respect for all human persons; all counter-cultural in Bangladesh.
The Holy Cross Sisters will donate their land near their convent for the new school. Funds are needed to build the new school. The new school will hold two shifts daily serving 2,000-3,000 students each year. The people of the area will be able to support the maintenance and staffing for the school once it is built. The Holy Cross sisters, teachers from the area and additional teachers from outside the local community will be able to staff this greatly expanded school.
Economic conditions in the area are very poor. The people of the villages do not own any land to cultivate and often face seasonal unemployment. Many from rural communities migrate to cities in search of livelihood. There they are often exploited and tricked into human trafficking situations. The women and children are the most vulnerable group. The sisters who are in the field of social work took a survey of various rural villages and realized that the young girls and women between 14-20 age group were the most vulnerable. With little hope for the future, many drop out of school. Those who don’t risk migration to cities, simply remaining at home. Many are then forced into marriages that they do not want to provide a dowry for the family. Keeping these young girls and women in mind we began a community college in the year 1999. Since the start of the school 600 students have graduated and are employed in various institutions, hospitals and homes.
The community college prepares the young women for careers by offering a
The curriculum has reached a stage of sophistication where internships and student placements are a vital part of the educational preparation and increase the likelihood of sustainable employment. The sisters provide the education, most of the lodging, food, supervision, books and other costs for the school. Most of these students are unable to afford transportation to these internship sites. The College wishes to purchase a mini-bus that would allow the staff to provide transportation to and from these internships.
This mini-bus will qualitatively improve the employment prospects of the students.
As time goes on some of the young women, because of the education and skills they have received from participating in the Project, will help in the operation of the program.
Nomadic children and women in Kanyakumari are often found begging; the children are exploited as child labor. They are outside of mainstream society and have significant social barriers that must be overcome to save them from abuse.
Sisters established the Vasantham Children’s Home in 1999, to bring nomadic people of the Kattunaickar Tribe into the mainstream of society. Educating these children and the most impoverished and abused women is the priority for this program. But, to accomplish this goal, the social barriers must be overcome.
The Sisters provide three layers of programming for these priority people. The first level is a residential program for 25 children. This most intensive program provides basic education and opportunities to learn skills that enable cultural inclusion. It also includes vocational training. After their time in the residential program, most of these children can become successful in the government school system. The sisters and their staff also provide what they call “Awareness and Livelihood Assistance” for 100 children. This consists of tutoring on educational basics, and classes and self-help groups on vocational and social skills. The families of these children do not value education, especially for girls and due to the extreme cultural differences of their nomadic lifestyle they are not easily accepted into the school system. Both the awareness program and the residential program help the young girls break these barriers.
Using the same building, the sisters also work with 300 impoverished women to help them build skills such as tailoring and embroidery work, helping them to get loans from banks to begin small businesses, motivational and leadership training, saving habits and understanding their human rights.